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王霏霏:as as 和so as什么意思

2020-11-07 11:05 浏览:

王霏霏:as as 和so as什么意思

  as as和so as的意思分别是:1.和……一样,2.和…一样…

  一、as as

  读音:英 [?z ?z] 美 [?z ?z]

  语法:as...as结构多肯定式,偶尔也可用于否定式。表示同样意思的否定式多用so...as。as...as结构用于否定句时多用于口语,侧重“像…一样”。

  as...as结构表示的是同级比较,第一个as后的形容词或副词不可用比较级,必须用原级,比较的对象亦须属同类。

  as...as结构表示数量或程度时,可用于“as much+(不可数名词+) as”或“as many+(可数名词复数+) as”结构。

  例句:

  As soon as I told her my name, she clammed up.

  我告诉她我的名字后,她就什么也不说了。

  二、so as

  读音:英 [s ?z] 美 [so? ?z]

  语法:表示同样意思的否定式多用so...as。so...as结构则多用于书面语,侧重“像…那样”。

  例句:

  One baths so as to get clean.

  人洗澡是为了清洁。

  so as的近义词:so long as

  so long as

  读音:英 [s l ?z] 美 [so? l? ?z]

  释义:只要;“as/so long as”的变体。

  语法:引导一个比较关系的状语从句,意思是“像…一样”,为了加强比较的意味,主句中常加副词as(用于肯定句)或so(用于否定句)。此时as可用于“as...as...can〔could〕 be”结构,用来强调形容词的含义,一般可译为“到了…的程度”“极其”。

  例句:

  So long as what you do is right, I'll go along with you.

  只要你们做得对,我都随着。

  as...as的用法

  as...as意为"和……一样",表示同级的比较.使用时要注意第一个as为副,第二个as为连词.其基本结构为:as+ adv.+as.例如:

  (1)This film is as interesting as that one.这部电影和那部电影一样有趣.

  (2)Your pen writes as smoothly as mine.你的钢笔书写起来和我的一样流畅.

  其否定式为not as/so + adv.+as.例如:

  This dictionary is not as/so useful as you think.这本字典不如你想象的那样有用.

  若有修饰成分,如twice,three times,half,a quarter等,则须置于第一个as之前.例如:

  Your bag is twice as expensive as mine.你的袋子比我的贵一倍.

  带as(so)… as的结构

  1.在表示“和…一样…”时,可用“as...as”结构(前面的as后要用原形):

  He is as busy as before.他还是和以前一样忙.

  I’ll give you as much help as I can.我将尽量帮助你.

  The airport was as crowded as ever.机场还是像平常那样拥挤.

  You’re as good a singer as Johny Buck.你的歌唱得像约尼?伯克一样好.

  Modern computers can be as small as a book.现在的电脑可以像一本书那样大.

  2.在表示“不像…那样…”时可用“not as(so)...as”这种结构:

  It isn’t so cold as yesterday.今天不像昨天那样冷.

  He is not so handsome as his brother.他不像他哥哥那样英俊.

  I’m not so experienced as you think.我没有你想的那样有经验.

  The situation is not so bad as had been painted.形势没有描绘的那样糟糕.

  Jack is not as(so) old as he looks.杰克不像他看起来那样老.

  3.这种结构中也可包含一个状语或有almost,just,nearly,quite这类副词形容:

  The whale was twice as long as her boat.那头鲸有她的那艘船的两倍长.

  Their house is about three times as big as ours.他们的房子约为我们房子三倍大.

  My command of English is not half so good as yours.我的英语掌握得还不及你的一半好.

  He was almost as diligent as his sister.他几乎和她姐姐一样勤奋.

  She is nearly as tall as her mother.她几乎和她妈妈一样高.

  4.as...as还可用在许多固定说法中:

  as brave as a lion

  as busy as a bee

  as vain as a peacock

  soft as velvet

  as bright as day

  as fat as a pig

  as gentle as a lamb

  easy as ABC

  几个关于as...as的常见句型:

  (1)as...as possible

  Please answer my question as soon as possible.请尽快回答我的问题.

  (2)as...as usual/before

  She looks as pretty as before.她看起来和以前一样漂亮.

  (3)as long as...(引导条件状语从句)

  It took us as long as three years to carry out the plan.我们花了长达三年的时间才完成这项计划.

  (4)as far as

  He walked as far as the railway station yesterday evening.昨天傍晚,他一直散步到火车站.

  (5)as well as

  She cooks as well as her mother does.她烧菜烧得跟她母亲一样好.

  一些带有as...as结构的常见短语归纳:

  as busy as a bee像蜜蜂一样忙碌

  as easy as ABC像ABC一样容易

  as deep as a well像井一样深

  as light as a feather像羽毛一样轻

  as soft as butter像黄油一样软

  as rich as a Jew像犹太人一样富裕

  as as多用于肯定,偶尔用于否定。

  而so as只用于否定。